Mamiya/Sekor 500TL: Big, chunky, and disappointing

The Mamiya 500TL
The Mamiya 500TL. (Daniel J. Schneider)

Mamiya, known for making a variety of excellent professional medium format cameras, once made budget 35mm SLRs, too. The 500TL is one of them.

On paper, the 500TL isn’t a bad camera. It was even a solid match for the Miranda Sensorex and Pentax Spotmatic, its chief competitors when it was released in 1966.

Unfortunately, while it has some interesting features and is well-built, it comes off as kind of kludgy and half-baked, at least to me.

The Camera

Overall, the 500TL is a very simple, all-manual camera. The TL line was Mamiya’s first to feature a through-the-lens CdS-cell light meter. The 1000TL offered a self-timer and 1/1000 top shutter speed that the 500TL lacks. Later DTL models included dual light meters — the spot meter and an averaging meter — with a selector switch to the left of the lens mount.

Mamiya 500TL viewfinder
Through the viewfinder. The brownish patch in the bottom center is the light meter area; the needle to the right indicates the exposure. The center spot is a dim microprism focusing aid. (Daniel J. Schneider)

The light meter, interestingly, is a spot meter. The original plans for Asahi’s Spotmatic called for a spot meter, but an averaging meter was what made it out of the factory in the end. Mamiya TLs have a small patch in the bottom-center of the viewfinder that indicates the meter target.

Much like a Nikon, pulling the film advance lever out about 30 degrees enables the light meter, and once snapped out, the advance lever serves as a stop-down lever, too. Pushing it back in against spring tension stops down the lens for metering, and provides depth-of-field preview. When you’re done, the center hub of the advance lever is a button which, when pressed, releases the advance lever so it moves back to the closed position.

A big, rounded shutter release button, with a standard release cable thread, and a big shutter speed selector knob accompany the advance lever on the top right of the camera. A film speed selector with markings in both ASA and DIN is incorporated into the shutter speed selector, and offers speeds from ASA 25 to 800 (DIN 15 to 30). Shutter speeds from 1/500 second down to 1 second, and Bulb, are available.

A very simple rewind knob with a flip-out crank lever is alone on the left shoulder of the camera. Below it, on the side of the camera, a small lever pulls up to release the back cover. If you’ve ever loaded film into a camera, you’ll find this one easy to load and unload.

Mamiya 500TL top cover controls
Mamiya 500TL top cover controls. (Daniel J. Schneider)

A universal m42 screw mount permits the use of a wide variety of lenses. On the side of the lens mount housing are two PC sync sockets for X-sync and FP-sync. Flash-sync shutter speed is 1/60 second, marked in red on the selector knob.

In the viewfinder, above the metering patch, a centered microprism spot is the only focusing aid. The light meter display is a match-needle type with a large (backwards) letter “C,” the center of which indicates correct exposure. Plus and minus symbols above and below indicate exactly one stop over or under correct exposure, and the needle is capable of indicating two stops over or under accurately at a point beyond either symbol equivalent to the distance between the symbol and the center of the “C.”

The bottom cover has a standard 1/4-20 thread tripod socket and the take-up spool release button, which stays in when pushed. The battery cover has room for a single SR44 battery behind it.

On the front corners you’ll find heavy-duty strap lugs. The 500TL includes no other features, not even an accessory shoe, although one can be added with a simple adapter.

Karmann Ghia
A restored Karmann Ghia in Denver’s Cherry Creek North shopping district. (Daniel J. Schneider)

The Experience

I bought the 500TL at a thrift store with no lens, so I tested it with the Hanimex 35mm f/2.8 that I used for the first roll through my first Spotmatic.

The reality is that there’s nothing wrong with the 500TL. It’s so basic there’s simply not a real opportunity for it to not be adequate. The biggest annoyance I can think of is the spot meter, which really makes it more accurate — just requires a little more thought about where you’re pointing it when metering.

Where it falls short for me is in the look-and-feel department. It’s blocky, and not in the cool, retro way of the Argus C3.

It’s almost as big as a Nikon F2, but thicker from front to back. It fills my big hands up, but manages to be uncomfortable with its relatively sharp corners. It’s weight feels more like the result of hastiness and imprecision than necessity and engineering.

The shutter speed selector is difficult to turn, and the film speed selector is fiddly. You have to really pull up on the outer ring to adjust the film speed, and it’s tedious. I found the viewfinder dim, and I felt focusing was difficult because the microprism patch is very small and seems to have fairly low contrast in comparison to others I’ve used.

Karmann Ghia interior
Interior detail of a restored Karmann Ghia. (Daniel J. Schneider)

The multi-function advance lever is actually pretty cool, but it’s not intuitive. I didn’t understand it at all until I’d read about its functions online. One more thing to recommend the 500TL: it’s fully mechanical, using a battery only to operate the light meter.

Everything else about the operation of the camera is unworthy of a detailed report — it’s all just fine. Adequate. Perfectly, boringly, adequate.

The pictures it takes, too, are just fine. This is not a review of the Hanimex lens, either, which is responsible for far more of the images’ quality than the camera body itself. A camera is just a light-tight box with a method for introducing controlled bursts of light, and the 500TL does that part perfectly well.

I know a lot of these found their way to the U.S. by way of soldiers headed to or returning from Vietnam in the late 1960s, as they were for sale in lots of base exchanges. They’re a dime a dozen now, figuratively. Literally, they sell for less than $10 with lenses and cases.

Sadly, it just isn’t special. Hold the Mamiya in one hand, and the Pentax ME Super or Nikon FM2n, in the other, and it’s pretty clear why Mamiya didn’t succeed in the 35mm SLR market.

If all you need is a solid light-tight box, this one will do fine if you’re on a McDonald’s dollar-menu budget. If you’re not — even if you’re only on a Chipotle or Panera budget — get a Pentax K1000.

Here are some more of my test shots, made with expired Kodak Gold and a roll of Agfa APX 100.

Country Club historic house
Back fence of a large property in Denver’s County Club neighborhood with a very old house and barn. (Daniel J. Schneider)
1960 Volvo PV544
Front detail of a 1960 Volvo PV544, which appears to have been restored at one time. (Daniel J. Schneider)
Cherry Cricket sign
The Cherry Cricket in Cherry Creek sports a fancy neon sign. The “Duffy’s” portion on top rotates around and around. (Daniel J. Schneider)
Through the door
View through a window in the door of an old house in the Country Club neighborhood that sits awaiting demolition (it’s long gone as of this writing). Historic homes are being demolished daily in Denver to make way for duplex, triplexes and tiny condo buildings. (Daniel J. Schneider)
DeLaney farm barn interior
Interior of a small barn on the DeLaney Farm Historic Park in Aurora, Colo. (Daniel J. Schneider)
Leaves in the sun
Leaves in the sun. (Daniel J. Schneider)
Baker home
A home with a large front-yard garden in Denver’s Baker neighborhood. (Daniel J. Schneider)
Long shadow
Long shadows and a small mural on the back of a Cherry Creek North business in Denver. (Daniel J. Schneider)
Coffee sign on reclaimed wood. (Daniel J. Schneider)
Review Summary
Review Date
Reviewed Item
Mamiya/Sekor 500TL 35mm SLR camera
Author Rating
  • I had a 1000TL for a while with a busted light meter. I never bothered to shoot it; it felt crude. Thanks for confirming my decision.

    • “Crude” is a great way to describe it. Just seems primitive and half-baked. Not trash, but certainly no treasure. :P

  • Haven’t had a chance to handle one of these but doesn’t sound like my cup o’ tea.

    I had a Konica AutoReflex TC a few years ago (that I never really took to) which had a similar multi-function wind lever. Pull it out to unlock the shutter, press in on the plastic tip to engage the meter. Switch below to close it. Kinda neat.

    • Oh, that sounds cool. I’ve heard good things about the AutoReflex, but never had one in my hands. The multi-function winder was one of the cooler features of this thing, but it still felt pretty half-baked. If you want to try it out, it’s yours for $5 plus shipping :P

      • Don’t encourage me, lol! I am looking for an M42 body worthy of the lovely little Pentax 35 I have, though…

        I think the main reasons the Konica and I didn’t jive were its shutter-priority auto mode – I’m used to shooting all-manual now but wasn’t then – as opposed to my preferred aperture-priority, and the only lens I had being a 28mm, which is a focal length I find nearly impossible to work with. I’m sure with the right lens and in manual mode I would like it a lot more. Had very lovely soft leatherette.

        • Interesting that you’re looking to use a 35 but don’t like a 28 … they feel so similar to me. Maybe not too similar … I love my 24 and find it much better than a 28.

          Still, I wouldn’t call this unworthy — it’s a light-tight box, which really is all you need behind a decent lens. Well, that and accurate shutter speeds. I haven’t tested these, but they seemed pretty good overall.



          • I just find 28 beyond my ability to control framing. 35 is the borderline and really only works for me in tight urban settings.

            I have a basic, crude, heavy, ugly Ricoh SLX 500 in M42 that I’ve yet to film-test, so I am already able to use the lens. But I have little desire to work with that body!

            I’d love a Bessaflex, but obviously don’t want to pay for one. Current thought is a Pentax SL (no big meter switch!) with shaved self-timer and flash ports…black with some brassing. Bad-ass.

          • That makes sense. I find 35 is excellent for urban areas, too.

            Okay, okay. I tried!

            Yeah, that all sounds lovely to me. I’ve never had a fancy modded camera, myself. Closest I come is a little wooden soft release that was a gift. I was raised hearing repeatedly “form follows function!”

          • I never modded cameras before until now – painted one of my ME Supers graphite grey last month and love it. Just replaced the standard leatherette with smoother, softer stuff. Now looking to custom make a little wooden grip. Getting addicted, lol.

          • I’ve thought about swapping leatherette a couple times, but haven’t had the … well, anything, really. I just didn’t do it. :P Seems like a fun hobby, though, and there’s obviously quite a market for it based on all the pictures on Instagram!

  • Kevin MacNutt

    I used a Mamiya/Sekor 1000 DTL in college when I was studying photography in the mid 1990’s with an early Pentax 50mm f/1.4 from my deceased Pentax Spotmatic. Purchased this only because I wanted to continue to use that lens and needed the first camera I could lay my hands on with an M42 mount at a local camera shop. Not the most refined camera, but better than a Praktica (well, at least better built). Used it about a year before I replaced it with a Pentax MX (talk about night and day difference).

    • Yeah, the m42 compatibility is about the best thing it has going for it, right? And the MX — I kind of wish I’d kept mine, but the FM2 is really just as good, and I have good Nikon lenses already.

      • Kevin MacNutt

        One issue with the m42 compatibility on the Mamiya/Sekor, the later versions of the Pentax lenses made for the Spotmatic F and ES will not fit the Mamiya’s mount. They will fit on a Praktica, but not a Mamiya. Luckily not the case with the lens I had at the time as it was an early example from a 60’s era Spotmatic.

    • Thomas Miller

      My first slr was the Mamiya/Sekor 1000DTL, purchased while in the Army. Yep, basic camera when I think about it. The spot/average light meter option sold me on the camera. The light meter died pretty early but I saved the M42 lenses from the collection.
      I still use the lenses with a PK mount adapter on a Pentax P30T.